What is infertility?

Infertility refers to the inability to conceive after a year of unprotected intercourse. The problem is common among both males and females. Both or any one of the partners may be infertile.  While this medical condition is generally attributed to a number of factors, in some of the cases there are can be no attribution to the cause of the problem.

How common is infertility?

It affects about one third of female population, one third of the male population and in the rest of the cases it may affect both of the partners.  The statistics change with the change in demographic changes but both men and women are affected by it.

What are the types?

There are generally two conditions which classify the type of infertility-

  •  Primary infertility- It is a condition in which the couple is having problems in conceiving the first child.
  •  Secondary infertility- It refers to a condition where there is failure in conceiving after a previous pregnancy.

What are the risk factors contributing to infertility?

The most common factors that lead to or may increase the risk of infertility are-

  •  Overage- In women, before the age of 30years there are lesser risks but as the age increases, so does the risk. So, in a young couple, it is advised that they try for at least a year before seeking help.  However, women over the age of 35 years should seek help immediately.
  •  Smoking and Drinking- Long since we came to understand the meaning of simple things in life, we have known that these are bad habits and cause numerous problems. So, this is one of them. It increases the chances of the condition known as ’low sperm count’.
  •  Irregular menstrual cycles- Ovulation disorders are generally the most common causes of infertility.  One should seek help if the menstrual cycle is not regular or completely absent.
  •  Lifestyle problems- These are also very common among the causes including being overweight, underweight, under stress, poor diet, etc.
  •  Sexually transmitted diseases- These diseases affect both men and women and should be treated as soon as detected so as to rule out any future complications of fertility or general health conditions.

How successful are the treatment options?

This inherently depends on the causes of fertility. With the help of guidance from highly qualified and experienced doctors and other professionals, couples who are willing to change their lifestyles accordingly for good results shall encounter no problems and achieve great results.